Ministry Definition of Learning Disability (LD)
Language Impairment
A learning disorder characterized by an impairment in comprehension and/or the use of verbal communication or the written or other symbol system of communication, which may be associated with neurological, psychological, physical, or sensory factors, and which may:

a) involve one or more of the form, content, and function of language in communication; and

b) include one or more of:
  • language delay;
  • dysfluency;
  • voice and articulation development, which may or may not be organically or functionally based.


  • Learning Disability
    A learning disorder evident in both academic and social situations that involves one or more of the processes necessary for the proper use of spoken language or the symbols of communication, and that is characterized by a condition that:

    a) is not primarily the result of:
  • impairment of vision;
  • impairment of hearing;
  • physical disability;
  • developmental disability;
  • primary emotional disturbance;
  • cultural difference;


  • b) results in a significant discrepancy between academic achievement and assessed intellectual ability, with deficits in one or more of the following:
  • receptive language (listening, reading);
  • language processing (thinking, conceptualizing, integrating);
  • expressive language (talking, spelling, writing);v
  • mathematical computations; and

    c) may be associated with one or more conditions diagnosed as:
  • a perceptual handicap;
  • a brain injury;
  • minimal brain dysfunction;
  • dyslexia;
  • developmental aphasia.